Mayflower, Passengers and Crew

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The Mayflower

The Mayflower is the name of the cargo ship that brought the Puritan separatists (known as pilgrims) to North America in 1620 CE. It was a type of sailing ship known as a carrack with three masts with square-rigged sails on the main and foremast, three decks (upper, gun, and cargo), and measured roughly 100 feet (27 m) long and 25 feet (7 m) wide. The pilgrim passengers, and those not affiliated with the group, were quartered on the gun deck (also known as the Tween Deck as it was in-between the other two) which, with the 8 small cannons, 4 medium cannons, and other considerations, was reduced to a living space of roughly 70 feet (21 m) overall. The 30 or so crew members and captain quartered on the upper deck in the forecastle and aft castle, which also held pens for animals. Goods for the voyage were stored in the cargo hold, and passengers traveled in the tween. There were no windows on the tween deck and the ceiling was only 5 feet (1.5 m) high, with no latrines and no private rooms; these were the living conditions for the 102 passengers on their journey from 6 September to 11 November 1620 CE.

Mark, J. J. (2020, October 21). Mayflower. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from
MayflowershipMayflower ii
Mayflower II.  

The history of  the passengers of  Mayflower I  Mayflower II

The captain and quarter-owner of the Mayflower was Christopher Jones (l. c. 1570-1622 CE) who commanded a crew of 30 men and was contracted by one Thomas Weston (l. 1584 - c. 1647 CE) in the interests of the Puritan separatists living in Leiden, the Netherlands, to transport them to the New World to found their own settlement. The English colony of Jamestown, Virginia was thriving and their original destination was north of Jamestown, just below the Hudson River Valley in the region of present-day New York State, which was then part of the English Virginia Patent, but weather and lack of supplies forced their landing in present-day Massachusetts at Plymouth.

The pilgrims under John Carver (l.c. 1584-1621 CE), Edward Winslow (l. 1595-1655 CE), and William Bradford (l. 1590-1657 CE), and the others not of their group, signed the Mayflower Compact upon their arrival at Plymouth, a set of laws all agreed to live by which would inform those that came later and established the Plymouth Colony (1620-1691 CE), which would eventually become absorbed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, forming the basis of present-day New England in the United States.

Mark, J. J. (2020, October 21). Mayflower. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Mayflower II.
Mayflower II is a replica of the 17th-century ship Mayflower, celebrated for transporting the Pilgrims to the New World in 1620.[3] The replica was built in Devon, England during 1955–1956, in a collaboration between Englishman Warwick Charlton and Plimoth Plantation, an American museum. The work drew upon reconstructed ship blueprints held by the American museum, along with hand construction by English shipbuilders using traditional methods.  

The ship is considered a faithful generic replica within a few details (electric lights added and ladder replaced with a lower-deck staircase), with solid oak timbers, tarred hemp rigging, and hand-coloured maps. It is 106 ft (32 m) long by 25 ft (7.6 m) wide, 236 tons displacement, three masts (mainmast, foremast, mizzen), a bowsprit and 6 sails. 

Wikipedia contributors. (2020, October 28). Mayflower II. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:12, October 30, 2020, from

Deconstructing History: Mayflower Who Sailed on the Mayflower?

Mayflower Passenger List

John Alden

Isaac and Mary (Norris) Allerton, and children Bartholomew, Remember, and Mary

John Allerton

John and Eleanor Billington, and sons John and Francis.

William and Dorothy (May) Bradford

William and Mary Brewster, and children Love and Wrestling

Richard Britteridge

Peter Browne

William Butten

Robert Carter

John and Katherine (White) Carver

James and Mrs. Chilton, and daughter Mary

Richard Clarke

Francis Cooke and son John

Humility Cooper

John Crackstone and son John

Edward Doty

Francis and Sarah Eaton, and son Samuel

Thomas English

Moses Fletcher

Edward and Mrs. Fuller, and son Samuel

Samuel Fuller

Richard Gardiner

John Goodman

William Holbeck

John Hooke

Stephen and Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins and children Constance, Giles and Damaris; son Oceanus was born during the voyage.

John Howland

John Langmore

William Latham

Edward Leister

Edmund Margesson

Christopher and Mary (Prower) Martin

Desire Minter

Ellen, Jasper, Richard, and Mary More

William and Alice Mullins and children Priscilla and Joseph

Degory Priest

Solomon Prower

John and Alice Rigsdale

Thomas Rogers and son Joseph

Henry Samson

George Soule

Myles and Rose Standish

Elias Story

Edward Thompson

Edward and Agnes (Cooper) Tilley

John and Joan (Hurst) Tilley and daughter Elizabeth

Thomas and Mrs. Tinker, and a son

William Trevore

John Turner, and two sons

Richard Warren

William and Susanna (Jackson) White, and son Resolved (son Peregrine was born shipboard in Provincetown Harbor after arrival).

Roger Wilder

Thomas Williams

Edward and Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow

Gilbert Winslow

"Mr. Ely"

Dorothy (John Carver's maidservant)

Site for clickable links

The Mayflower Passengers and Crew

The 102 Mayflower passengers were a diverse group made up of religious separatists (later known as pilgrims) and others referred to by the pilgrims as Strangers (people who did not share their faith). The ship also had a crew of approximately 30 (possibly 50) captained by Christopher Jones (l. c. 1570-1622 CE) of Rotherhithe, England. The separatists were seeking a new home where they could worship freely without fear of the ongoing persecution of the Anglican Church under King James I of England (r. 1603-1625 CE) and contracted with the merchant-adventurer Thomas Weston (l. 1584 - c. 1647 CE) for a ship to take them to the New World. Weston then enlisted the others (Strangers) to assist the separatists in establishing a colony and turning a profit for the investors who financed the expedition.
The trip was supposed to be made in two ships, the Mayflower and the Speedwell, but after the latter repeatedly sprung leaks in the early stage of the voyage, it was abandoned and some of its passengers taken aboard the Mayflower. The ship left Europe on 6 September and dropped anchor off the coast of North America on 11 November 1620 CE. After a harrowing winter during which 50% of the passengers and crew died, the survivors established Plymouth Colony in the region of present-day Massachusetts.

  1. Resources
  2. Lesson Plans
  3. Test Your Knowledge

Hitchcock, A. (2020, October 21). Mayflower II. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 

Lynch, P. J. (2015). The boy who fell off the Mayflower, or, John Howland's good fortune.

Mark, J. J. (2020, October 21). Mayflower. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Mark, J. J. (2020, October 27). Mayflower Passengers & Crew. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Wikipedia contributors. (2020, October 28). Mayflower II. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:12, October 30, 2020, from

Site for the original manifest and listing of the Mayflower passenger list.

Site for clickable links to the Mayflower passenger list.

Try out Hoopla and search for Mayflower.

Mayflower PilgrimsMaking haste from Babylon : the Mayflower Pilgrims and their world : a new history / Nick Bunker
The Pilgrims were entrepreneurs as well as evangelicals, political radicals as well as Christian idealists. "Making Haste from Babylon" tells their story in unrivaled depth, from their roots in religious conflict and village strife at home to their final creation of a permanent foothold in America.
The boy who fell off the Mayflower, or, John Howland's good fortune / Or, John Howland's True Story P.J. Lynch. An illustrated account of the life of John Howland, the young servant who was indentured to Pilgrim John Carver, describes how he embarked on the Mayflower and survived a fall off the ship before helping his ill shipmates by scouting out a safe harbor
Book of John Howland
Patience WhippleA journey to the New World : the diary of Remember Patience Whipple (fiction)
Arriving in the New World after a grueling Atlantic crossing, Mayflower passenger Mem cares for her dying fellow pilgrims while befriending Native American Squanto, who assists her family through a first year of tragedy and thanksgiving.
Don't know much about the Pilgrims / Ken Davis ; illustrated by S.D. Schinder.
Questions and answers present information about who the Pilgrims were, how and why they came to America on the Mayflower, and what happened in the colony of New Plymouth.

Dont know much about the pilgrims
M is for MayflowerM is for Mayflower : a Massachusetts alphabet / written by Margot Theis Raven ; illustrated by Jeannie Brett.
Presents information about the state of Massachusetts in an alphabetical arrangement.
Across the wide dark sea : The mayflower journey / by Jean Van Leeuwen ; pictures by Thomas B. Allen. A boy and his family endure a difficult nine-week journey across the ocean and survive the first winter at Plymouth Plantation in Massachusetts.

across the wide dark sea

A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving / a Lee Mendelson-Bill Melendez production in association with Charles M. Schulz Creative Associates and United Feature Syndicate, Inc. When Peppermint Patty and a group of hungry pals show up at Charlie Brown's house expecting food, Charlie Brown is too wishy-washy to refuse. With the help of Linus, Snoopy and Woodstock a very unusual feast is prepared.